Category: Feline Diseases

  • Suprelorin

    Deslorelin (Suprelorin) is an anti-androgenic hormone used as an off-label treatment for anoestrus and other oestrus disorders in female cats. It has also been used in cats for conditions such as inappropriate elimination.   Actions Deslorelin effects contraception by temporarily suppressing the reproductive endocrine system, preventing production of pituitary (FSH and LH) and gonadal hormones (estradiol and progesterone […]

  • Cryptorchidism (retained testicle)

    Introduction Each testicle starts out inside the abdominal cavity of the kitten and descends into the scrotum after passing through the inguinal canal in the groin. Normally, testicles are present in the scrotum at birth or shortly afterward, although they may be very small and difficult to detect. By the age of 6 to 8 […]

  • Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD)

    Contents 1 Introduction 2 Causes 3 Clinical signs 4 Diagnosis 4.1 Calcium Oxalate 4.2 Struvite 4.3 Others 5 Treatment 6 Aftercare 6.1 Medication 6.2 Dietary change 7 References   Introduction The term ‘cystitis’ means an irritation of the urinary bladder. It occurs in both male and female cats and is also known as Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD). It affects the bladder (not the kidneys), resulting […]

  • Asthma

    Asthma is quite common in cats and can be as severe as it is in humans. Feline chronic bronchitis and feline asthma are two of the most common respiratory diseases in cats. Although clinical signs such as coughing, wheezing and exercise intolerance are similar, it remains controversial whether chronic bronchitis and asthma are two separate […]

  • Acid-base balance

    Acid-base balance is critical when testing feline biochemistry to assess homeostasis. Acid-base balance is important for maintaining the narrow pH range that is required for various enzyme systems to function optimally in the body. Normal blood pH ranges from 7.3-7.4.3 Decreased pH is termed acidemia and is caused by an increase in the concentration of hydrogen ions […]

  • Eosinophilic granuloma complex

    Feline eosinophilic granuloma complex (EGC) is a common inflammatory skin disease of cats, which consists of a group of lesions that affect the skin, mucocutaneous junctions, and oral cavity. Feline eosinophilic dermatoses is the term now used to encompass EGC lesions[1]. EGC is not a specific disease but simply several cutaneous reaction patterns in cats. […]

  • Laminin alpha2-deficient muscular dystrophy

    Contents 1Causes 2 Symptoms 3 Treatment 4 References Causes Laminin alpha2-deficient muscular dystrophy is a genetic disease in cats, although the genes responsible for the laminin alpha2-deficiency are yet to be identified and characterised. Laminins are large glycoproteins that make up the basement membranes in a variety of tissues including muscle and Schwann cells. Although named muscular dystrophy, […]

  • Immunology

    Immunology covers the study of the immune system. In cats, immunology is concerned with such topics as vaccines, immune-mediated diseases (Lupus and EGC), hypersensitivities (atopy) and immune deficiencies (such as FIV). Generally speaking, there are a broad range of diseases and disease process in which immunology is a primary instigator of disease or the primary target for disease. Such […]