Category: Gastroenterology

  • Calicivirus infection

    Feline calicivirus (FCV), a non-enveloped, positive-sense, and single-stranded RNA virus, is one of the two feline viral diseases (including FHV-1) responsible for the disease ‘Cat Flu.’ The two virus can infect separately or together. The incidence of calicivirus is believed to be lower than FHV although the clinical symptoms are often confused. The presence of the virus does […]

  • Tritrichomoniasis

    Tritrichomonas foetus is a common feline protozoan parasite that causes diarrhoea and inflammatory bowel disease in high-density populations of young, purebred cats worldwide[2][3]. This parasite should be included in any differential of feline gastroenteritis[4], where other common gut protozoa such as Giardia spp and more rarely, Pentatrichomonas hominis[5][6] have also been reported[7]. Beginning in 1996, several reports have documented the presence of large numbers of trichomonads in faecal […]

  • Anorexia

    In cats, anorexia is usually a state of inappetance (failing to eat) for more than 3 days in its normal environment. In some cats, other symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhoea may help establish a cause[1]. In cats, there are many non-disease states where anorexia is observed such as anxiety due to changes in the home environment, presence of […]

  • Gingivitis

    Gingivitis, as opposed to normal dental decay associated with age, is an inflammatory disease of the gums leading to premature tooth loss and gum disease that is both painful and detrimental to cat health. A significant number of cats with gingivitis are prone to chronic renal disease because of the constant insult by bacterial antigens which are […]

  • Gastroenterology

    Diseases of the gastroenteric system, organized by the part of the gastrointestinal tract involved. Mouth Normal dentition Brachycephalic syndrome Oligodontia Cleft palate Caliciviral stomatitis and oral ulcers Gingivitis Nasopharyngeal polyps Oral neoplasia Oesophagus Oesophagitis Oesophageal strictures Megaoesophagus Stomach Assessment of gastric motility Gastritis Gastroparesis Stomach ulcers and Helicobacter spp infection Gastric neoplasia Gastric-dilation volvulus Spontaneous gastric perforation […]

  • Cleft palate

    “Hair lips” and “cleft palate” are a genetic disorder common to all animals, including the cat. It is caused by failure of closure of the palatal mucoperiosteum during fetal development in utero. The deficit in the hard palate can range in severity from mild to severe. There may be loss of tissue in the hard […]