Category: Fungal Diseases

  • FIV in felines

    Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a lentivirus (subfamily Lentivirinae) that causes an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in cats; so-called ‘Cat AIDS’. First identified in 1986, FIV belongs to the Lentivirus group which also includes FeLV (Feline leukemia virus) and FFV (Feline foamy virus)[3]. Studies of wild cats, such as the Pallas’ cats of Mongolia, suggest FIV has probably been around […]

  • FeLV

    Introduction Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) is a retrovirus infection that causes immunosuppression in cats. FeLV is transmitted horizontally (from cat to cat) primarily through saliva, which contains high concentrations of the virus. While biting, licking and grooming are the most common routes of infection, kittens may be infected transplacentally or by nursing from infected mothers. […]

  • Blastomycosis

    Blastomycosis is an infection caused by the fungal organism Blastomyces dermatitidis. The disease usually results in respiratory infection; however, the organism can cause disease in many body tissues including the eyes, skin, reproductive tract, and bones. Blastomycosis is a serious disease that can be fatal. Blastomyces dermatidis is found in the environment predominantly in the Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, […]

  • Cytauxzoon felis

    Cytauxzoonosis is a serious, often fatal, tick-borne disease caused by the apicomplexan protozoal parasite Cytauxzoon felis. This disease affects domestic cats in the south central and south-eastern portions of the United States[1]. It is a genus of protozoa closely related to Theileria spp. The causative organism, Cytauxzoon felis, is classified in the Order Piroplasmida, Family Theileridae. Because of the rapid […]

  • Coccidioides spp

    Coccioides immitis and, more rarely, Paracoccioides brasiliensis have been recorded as causing fungal infections in cats[1]. Cats are infrequently infected with these fungal organism, which belong to the Family Onygenales. Although only a limited number of cases have been described in cats, primarily in the Americas, it appears that the primary route of infection is by inhalation of small airborne […]