Category: Cardiology

  • Hyperthyroidism

    Hyperthyroidism is the most common endocrine disorder affecting the thyroid gland of older cats, characterized classically by elevated total thyroxine (T4) above the reference range of 20-40 nmol/L. Iodine content of the diet has been suggested as a likely etiologic factor in feline hyperthyroidism[1]. It is uncommon to see hyperthyroidism in cats under 10 years of age, and […]

  • FIP

    Since the first description of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) in 1963, the association between feline coronavirus (FCoV) and the development of high mortality systemic disease has been reported worldwide in all species of felids. It appears to have no breed or sex predilection, but the close proximity of many cats, such as occurs in multi-cat households, catteries […]

  • Heart diseases

    Heart disease in cats is relatively common. One of the most challenging aspects of feline heart disease is that cats may not show any warning signs (such as exercise intolerance, coughing, weakness) until the process is very advanced. Untreated heart disease can lead to congestive heart failure and death. The most common heart disease in cats is cardiomyopathy, […]

  • Heartworm disease

    Dirofilaria spp are parasitic spirurid nematodes which causes vascular disease in cats throughout temperate and tropical countries worldwide. D. immitis is the primary worm of this genus which causes heartworm disease in cats[2]. Infection is a relatively rare disease of cats (rates of infection at 5-20 of that of dogs[3]), but is increasingly diagnosed parasite […]

  • Chronic renal disease

    Chronic renal disease (CRD) is one of the most common diseases seen in older cats, reportedly affecting one in three cats over the age of 12 years[1][2]. Chronic renal disease can appear as acute renal failure or as an insidious chronic renal insufficiency, which is more common. Many cases are associated with age-related chronic interstitial […]