Felipedia

Parasites

The term parasitism may be defined as a two-species association in which one species, the parasite, lives on or in a second species, the host, for a significant period of its life and obtains nourishment from it. However, there are members of the scientific community who designate all infectious agents of animals as parasites including viruses, protozoa, bacteria and fungi as well as the arthropods, helminths and protozoa. In this forum, we maintain the edict that parasites are those which rely on cats as an essential aspect of their life cycle.

UncinariaUncinaria stenocephala hookworm eggs found in cat feces

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dip

The common flea tapeworm of cats, Dipylidium caninum

 

 

 

 

 

HeartwormPost-mortem specimen from a cat which died suddenly from D. immitis infection[1]

 

 

 

FadFlea allergy dermatitis in a Domestic shorthair cat due to infestation with Ctenocephalides felis[2]

 

 

 

 

 

HeterodoxusAdult Heterodoxus spiniger

 

 

 

 

 

GnathostomaAdult Gnathostoma spinigerum nematode

 

 

 

 

GiarGiardia spp parasite, a common cause of diarrhoea in cats

 

 

 

 

 

TTfTritrichomonas foetus isolates from a cat

 

 

 

 

 

 


Skin

Insects

– Mosquitoes
– Flies – Oestrus ovisCuterebra sppCochliomyia sppChrysomyia sppTriatoma spp Cordylobia anthropophagaWohlfahrtia vigilDermatobia hominis
– Fleas – Ctenocephalides felisCtenocephalides canisEchidnophaga gallinaceaPulex irritansXenopsylla astiaSynosternus pallidus
Arachnids

Ticks – Ixodes holocyclusRhipicephalus sanguineusOrnithodoros talajeOtobius megniniDermacentor sppAmblyomma spp
Mites – Demodex sppEutrombicula alfreddugesiNeotrombicula autumnalisNotoedres sppOtodectes sppCheyletiella sppLynxacarus radovskyiSarcoptes sppHelenicula miyagawai[3]Hexidionis garfieldi[4]Dermanyssus spp
Lice – Felicola subrostratusHeterodoxus spiniger
Nematodes – Rhabditis strongyloidesStrongyloides sppAncylostoma sppAnatrichosoma sppLagochilascaris spp

Ear

Syngamus (Mammomonogamus) auris

Eye

Thelazia spp

Blood

Nematodes – Dirofilaria immitisBrugia malayiBrugia pahangiDipetalonema reconditum
Haemoplasmas – Cytauxzoon felisBabesia sppMycoplasma sppLeishmania sppTrypanosoma spp

Hepatozoon sppRickettsia sppBartonella sppEhrlichia sppTheileria spp
Trematodes – Schistosoma sppHeterobilharzia sppOrnithobilharzia spp

Brain

Toxocara catiDirofilaria sppToxoplasma spp
Cuterebra spp

Spine

Gurltia paralysans

Lungs

Capillaria aerophiliaEucoleus aerophilusOslerus rostratusBronchostrongylus sucrenatus
Aelurostrongylus abstrususParagonimus sppTroglostrongylus subcrenatusStrongyloides stercoralisCrenosoma sppVogeloides spp

Liver

Parametorchius complexusPlatynosomum sppOpisthorchis felineusClonorchis sinensis
Eurytrema procyonisEurytrema pancreaticumMammomonogamus sppEuparadistomum spp
Amphimerus sppOpisthorchis sppParopisthorchis sppMetorchis spp

Urinary bladder

Pearsonema sppRhabditis strongyloides

Interstitium (Tissue)

Nematodes – Dipetalonema reconditumBronchostrongylus sucrenatusCuterebra sppTrichinella spiralis

Dirofilaria repensMammomonogamus sppPhysaloptera spp
Trematodes – Parametorchius complexusPlatynosomum sppEurytrema procyonis
Protozoa – Hepatozoon sppNeospora sppCytauxzoon felis

Muscle

Trichinella spiralis

Mouth

Protozoa – Tetratrichomonas felistomae
Nematodes – Lagochilascaris spp
Trematodes – Clinostomum spp

Stomach

Ollulanus tricuspisPhysaloptera sppSpirocerca lupiAonchotheca putoriiCyathospirura sppCylicospirura felineus[5]Abbreviata geminaGnathostoma sppTurgida turgida

Small intestine

Protozoa – Giardia sppCryptosporidium sppIsospora sppEimeria sppHammondia pardalis

Toxoplasma gondiiHammondia hammondiSarcocystis spp
Balantidium coliTritrichomonas sppCystoisospora sppMicrosporidium spp
Nematodes – Ancylostoma brazilienseAncylostoma tubaeformeStrongyloides spp

Besnoitia sppHammondia hammondiMesocestoides sppToxascaris leoninaCylicospirura spp
Toxocara sppTrichuris sppPterygodermatites sppUncinaria stenocephalaPhysaloptera spp
Trematodes – Metagonimus sppEurytrema procyonisMammomonogamus sppHeterophyes sppEchinostoma spp

Parametorchius complexusPlatynosomum fastosumPharyngostomum cordatumGymnophalloides seoi
Heterophyopsis continuaCentrocestus armatusStellantchasmus falcatusAcanthotrema felisPlagiorchis spp
Stictodora lariStictodora fuscataProcerovum sppCryptocotyle sppStephanoprora spp
Diplostomulum sppNeodiplostomum sppAlaria marcianaeBrachylaemus erinaceiCynodiplostomum spp
Fibricola sppEpisthmium sppArtyfechinostomum sppIsthmiophora sppEchinoparyphium spp
Apophallus sppAscocotyle sppEuryhelmis sppGalactosomum sppHaplorchis sppDexiogonimus spp
Microphalloides vajrasthiraeNanophyetus sppPygidiopsis summa
Cestodes – Spirometra sppMesocestoides sppDipylidium sppDiphyllobothrium sppEchinococcus multilocularis

Echinococcus granulosusMesostephanus sppProhemistomum vivaxTaenia taeniaeformisSpirometra spp
Joyeuxiella sppChoanotaenia sppDiphyllobothrium sppDiplopylidium spp
Acanthocephalans – Bolbosoma sppCentrorhynchus aluconisOncicola sppMoniliformis spp

Large intestine

Pentatrichomonas hominis
Strongyloides spp

See also

  • Protozoa
  • Nematodes
  • Cestodes
  • Trematodes
  • Acanthocephalans

References

  1. ↑ Atkins, CE & Litster, AL (2006) Heartworm disease. In August, JR (Ed): Consultations in feline internal medicine. Vol 5. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia. pp:323-330
  2. ↑ Dr Eric Barchas, 2009 Vet Blog
  3. ↑ Takahashi M et al (2004) Trombidiosis in cats caused by the bite of the larval trombiculid mite Helenicula miyagawai (Acari: Trombiculidae). Vet Rec 154(15):471-472
  4. ↑ Goff ML & McKown RD (1997) The genus Hexidionis (Acari:Trombiculidae) with the description of a new species from Texas. J Med Entomol 34(4):438-440
  5. ↑ Coman BJ et al (1981) Helminth parasites and arthropods of feral cats. Aust Vet J 57(7):324-327

felipedia

Add comment